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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Fulbert G. Amoussouga" <>
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2023 16:40:49 +0100


We are pleased to inform you that your Four Million Five Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars ($4,500,000.00 USD) have been awarded
to you by the ECOWAS Council Republic of Benin for your compensation
scam victims and we are happy to announce that your email address was
found among the list of those who have lost their money in one way or
the other while trying to get money from Africa and other parts of the

We thereby want you to contact United Bank for Africa (UBA) with
information below and ask them what you will do to have your funds
transferred through an online account and with this method you can
transfer your funds online by yourself.

Contact information provided:

Bank Managing Director: Mr. Gbenga Makinde
Phone Number: +229-67635194

Signed by United Nations Representative in Benin,
Mr. Fulbert Géro Amoussouga
Thanks and God bless you.

Anti-fraud resources: