fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Maru James <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2023 06:29:47 -0700
Subject: WHATSAPP ONLY +2347012384957 OR EMAIL firstname.lastname@example.org
WHATSAPP ONLY +2347012384957 OR EMAIL email@example.com
Greeting to you, I am John Wilson from Federal Express Delivery
Company (FedEx). I'm contacting you regarding your parcel that has
been registered with us for shipment to your residential address, we
thought the sender gave you our contact details, so we have been
waiting on you to contact us for your parcel till now. It might
interest you to know that a letter is also added to your parcel which
we cannot quote the content to you via text for privacy reasons. But
we understand that the content of your parcel is a Bank Draft Check
worth ($15,400,000.00) in an envelope.
Contact me urgently with your information:
Address _, Full Name _,
Phone Number _,
Copy of your ID _,
Note: You have to pay the Approval and stamp fee of $350 as it has not
been paid. You are to purchase Razer Gold or Steam Wallet or apple gift cards.