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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jes Staley <>
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2023 02:59:17 -0700
Subject: Attention: Benefocary/Contractor

Documentary Credit,
Swift: BARCLGB22
Our Ref:16/725/BAR/23

Attention: Contractor/Beneficary


This is meant for the contract payment from our ordering customer
Federal Government of Nigeria for the further Credit to your bank
account. With all due respect our bank has obliged to credit your
account with instruction quoting reference payment code which the
Federal Government of Nigeria used to encoded their consolidated
account with us, and this is as per agreement existing between this
bank, World
Bank, International Monetary Fund and the Federal Government of Nigeria.

In line with Foreign Exchange Financial Control and allied conduct,
your account will be effected as soon as you reconcile our 0.1%
handling charge or you may advise us to deduct the total value and
transfer the balance to your account. Should you be willing to
accept deduction, our bank is there urging you to contact the treasury
department International Monetary Fund office in Nigeria attention to
DR David Ahukanna Tel: +234-904 334 9872 E-mail: please request him to issue you the Deduction
Clearance Certificate which will be legally endorse by you the
beneficiary to enable us have the a legitimate right to deduct our
0.1% handling charges from your contract/Inheritance payment. Call him
immediately before sending mail to him.

Please be warned as our bank does not trust any Nigerian, in the
Central Bank of Nigeria, Nicon or any other institutions, except the
International Monetary Fund (DR David Ahukanna) whom we can give
attention to any of this instruction due to fraudulent activities with
Nigerian Banks and it’s officials.

Prior to our banking regulation, final credit shall be made to your
account upon receiving of our 0.1% handling charges or the Deduction
Clearance Certificate. Finally, you have to urgently RE-CONFIRM your
Bank Information to this office to avoid transfer error.

Re-Confirm Below:

Your Full Name--------------------- ---------------

Mobile Telephone--------------------- ------------------

Bank Name/Address------------------ --------------------

Account Name------------------------ -----------------

Account Number----------------------- -----------------

Swift Code----.--------------------- -------------------

Yours faithfully,

Mr.Jes Staley
Account Department
Barclay Bank London

Anti-fraud resources: