fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "DHL. CEO. JOHN PEARSON" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2023 00:24:10 -0700
Subject: DHL Express Courier
I have registered your ATM CARD of $1.8 with DHL Express Courier
Company with registration code of (GL005).
Note that your ATM visa Card which worth ($1.8M), has less than three months
to expire and when it expires, the money will go into Government purse.
please Contact with your delivery information such as,
Like I stated earlier, the crediting re-activation, delivery and the Company
registration charges has been paid by me, but we did not pay their official
keeping fees since they refused, they refused and the reason is that they do
not know when you are going to contact them and the demur- rage might have
increased by then, They told me that their keeping fees is $50 per day only,
and I deposited it on Saturday 25th of March 2023.
Your phone number......
copy of your id.....
I have paid for the Insurance & Delivery fee. The only fee you have to pay is
their Security fee only. Please indicate the registration Number And ask Him
about the payment information that you will use to pay the Security fee for the
immediate dispatching of your package without any further delay.
DHL Dir. JOHN PEARSON.
Telephone +229 6952 2128.