fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "high court" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "federal high court" (This court is often mentioned in '419' scams to give the victim a reason why he/she should send thousands of dollars to the scammers. A 'Federal High Court' exists in Germany and Nigeria, but not in other countries, such as the UK, Spain, Netherlands, Senegal, Benin, South Africa or other countries where fake lawyers in scams often claim to be based. )
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "C.B.N" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 23 Mar 2023 11:51:22 -0700
Subject: Wire Transfer or ATM CARD
*From The Office Of The GovernorCentral Bank Of Nigeria (CBN).Cell/
*Reply via email address: * *firstname.lastname@example.org*
*Good Day Unpaid Beneficiary,*
*I am **MR.CHRIS GEORGE**, * *The director of foreign operation Central
Bank of Nigeria**. Without mincing words, I am convinced 100% that you have
had bitter experiences with various 'scam artists' claiming to be high
government officials and thereby defrauding you of your hard-earned money
Under false pretence. The activities of these 'scam artists' has changed
your perspective about conducting business on the internet, and you now
believe that there is no genuine business that can be conducted on the
internet. I was reliably informed of your dealing with several agencies who
have been taking undue advantage of your innocence hence my personal
contact with you today.*
*Well I was instructed by the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF), office of
the Senate Committee Federal Republic of Nigeria and Accountant General of
the Federation (AGF) Nigeria to pay you the sum of (Four Million Five
Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) being your accrued interest
accumulated fund through the Reserve account of the Central Bank of Nigeria
(CBN) as a true beneficiary of this fund. And what you must do to receive
this fund is to swear an Affidavit of Oath at the Federal High Court of
Appeal, authorizing the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to pay you the
accrued interest fund valued at of (US$4.5M) as the Rightful Owner of the
*As it was signed and stamped to release the sum of US$4,500.000.00 (Four
Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) only through Bank to
Bank Telegraphic Wire Transfer or ATM CARD delivery and the choice is
yours, which is 100% guaranteed. Please kindly reconfirm the listed details
below to enable us to verify with the names and information we have on our
payment system to avoid any mistake and to enable us to release your
Interest payment to you through your preferred mode of Payment.*
*(1) Your Full Name:*
*(2) Your Complete Address:*
*(3) Direct Telephone Number:*
*(4) Mobile Number:*
*(5) Present Occupation:*
*(6) Attach a copy of your ID/driverâs license for identification purposes.*
*I would like you to urgently respond to this message so that I can advise
you on how best to confirm your fund within the next 72 hours. Respond
urgently via our verified email address: *
*email@example.comBest Regards,**MR.CHRIS GEORGE*
*Central Bank Of Nigeria (CBN)Cell/ WhatsApp Phone:+234-708-018-7799*