fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cost of transfer" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "keep it confidential" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "very confidential" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "international remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Philip James" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 23 Mar 2023 13:05:08 +0100
Subject: FROM INTERNATIONAL REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT
FROM INTERNATIONAL REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT
FIRST BANK NIGERIA PLC
35 ASABA HOUSE LAGOS NIGERIA
HOT LINE :+2348024443122.
This letter is written to inform you the reason behind your delay payment.
I am Philip James the Director,International Remittance Department of
this Bank,my Formal Boss,Mr.Jacobs M.Ajekigbe,the Managing
Director/CEO of this bank is now on compulsory leave and all power
have been vested on me to make all international payments.
Also,due to reported cases of corrupt practices in other Nigeria
Banksincluding the Central Bank of Nigeria,the Federal Government
hasrevoked/canceled all power vested on those banks and has appointed
ourbank (First Bank of Nigeria) to make all foreign payments.Be
informed that the Federal Government have approved the release of
part-payment of $7.5M(Seven Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars) out
of your total funds,which has been in this bank for many years
unclaimed because Mr.Jacobs Ajekigbe,Collaborated with the Governor of
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)and have refused to tell you the truth on
how to claim your fund this is because he has been using the interest
from your fund every year to enrich himself without your knowledge,I
want to help you pull out this fund to your bank account using the
easiest and the quickest method,which have not been made known to you
By this method,you will open a domiciliary account with this bank
(First Bank of Nigeria),Where the fund would be 1st lodged into,before
it can directly credit to any bank of your choice.
After the transfer,you will confirm the fund in your bank account
within 5hours the same day.No Cost of Transfer (COT) and no stoppage
from any Government departments as the transfer will be done within
the bank alone and it is very safe.
The method which was introduced to you before is the Telegraphic
Transfer (TT) for which confirmation was 48hrs,because of the time
factor,petitions could come from various organizations stopping your
payment and asking you to pay huge fee which would be difficult for
you to pay so that they can benefit from the huge interest your fund
generates while still in the Bank.
This method is not safe for you because it is not done within the bank
alone as information of the payment would be sent to the Central
Control Unit (CCU) of the Federal Ministry of Finance and office of
the Accountant General of the Federation.
As a good Christian, I have nothing to gain by keeping your fund,I
want to assist you receive your fund Before it accumulate
Dumurrage.You have to follow up and work with me now.
Ensure that you keep this very confidential because of fraudsters and
impostors who go about presenting various bank accounts in order to
divert another beneficiary's fund.your advise to reconfirm the
following details below to us with valid account co-ordinates and
amount to be claimed.
Note your transfer code is FBXNZ7XX5M you must keep it confidential to
avoid intruder or claim by anyone so that I do not transfer your fund
to the wrong Bank Account.
1.Account Holders Name..........
6.Your Contact Cell Phone......
9.A Copy of your id
Finally i ask for your mutual understanding and cooperation to serve you
First Bank Nigeria Pl