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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Samuel Hoggs" <>
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2023 18:55:38 -0700
Subject: Dear Friend,


Dear Friend,

How are you today? I hope you and your family are okay? I hope this email
is in excellent health. But if you don't remember me, you received an email
from me in the past about a multi-million dollar business proposal that we
never closed. I take this opportunity to inform you that this multi-million
dollar deal was closed with another trader who financed it to a logical
conclusion. Thank you for his great commitment to our unfinished
transaction, for one reason or another better known to you at the time. Due
to the effort, sincerity and reliability that you have shown in the course
of the transaction, I want to compensate you and show you my gratitude with
the sum of six hundred and seventy five thousand US dollars. I have left
you a certified international bank check for $675,000.00 USD, collectible
anywhere in the world. My dear friend, please contact Reverend Esther
Moses, so that she can give you the draft. I am very busy right now
and would like you to accept this commitment in good faith as it comes from
the bottom of my heart. Their contact information is below.

NAME: Reverend. Esther Moses, from the Catholic parish, Adidogome,
PHONE: +228 (70) 7693-29.

Therefore, you must contact her and ask her to give you her draft because I
have instructed her to do so.
Dr. Samuel Hoggs

Anti-fraud resources: