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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Treasury Department Office <>
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2023 17:15:00 +0100
Subject: Attention Beneficiary:

Attention Beneficiary:

I am here to alert you on the cancellation that is going on right now
in treasury department office Benin concerning every unclaimed fund.

Are you aware that your funds is among the funds that have been
brought here to be canceled and your ownership will be changed on the
process and your fund in total will be diverted to the government
treasury account with a report that you rejected the fund just because
transfer fee.

Your urgent attention is needed here if you really want this fund and
not to be canceled as it was reported, you have to reply back to this

I am waiting for your urgent reply.
Mr. Michael Toure.
Treasury Department, International
Wire Transfers, Federal Ministry of Finance Republic of Benin.

Anti-fraud resources: