fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Hon. John Andraw" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2023 09:21:30 +0100
Subject: CONTACT MY SECRETARY FOR YOUR PAST EFFORT
Good Day My Dear ,
Hope this mail find you in an excellent condition of health, I'm happy to
inform you about my success in getting those funds transferred under the
co-operation of a new partner from Paraguay. Presently I'm in Paraguay for
investment projects with my own share of the total sum.
Meanwhile I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in
transferring those funds despite that it failed us somehow but I feel you
deserve some respect and compensation, now contact my secretary his name is
Dr. Kevin Done and his email address is ( email@example.com ) you can
still call him +229-99804403 and ask him to send you the total
$2.900,000.00 USD (Bank Draft Cheque) which I wrote and kept for your
compensation for all your past efforts and attempt to assist me in this
I appreciated your efforts at that time very much, so feel free and get in
touch with my secretary Dr. Kevin Done and instruct him where to send the
Bank Draft Check to you because he must have been waiting to hear from you.
Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the
joy after all the sufferings at that time, Iâm very busy here in Paraguay
Because of the investment projects which me and the new partner are having
at hand, finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my Secretary
on your behalf to receive Bank Draft Cheque total $2.900,000.00.USD, so
feel free to get in touch with him and he will send the Bank Draft Cheque
to you without any delay.
With Best Regards,