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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: european investment bank <>
Date: Sat, 18 Mar 2023 15:15:09 +0000
Subject: Hello dear beneficiary.

European ooo Investment Bank in London and the IMF to investigate the good
news season of the unnecessary deferral of funds which have been approved
by law. During our investigation, we discovered that your payment was
delayed by corrupt bank officials who attempted to redirect your funds to
your personal accounts.In order to prevent this dubious act, we agree with
the European Investment Bank of London and the International Monetary Fund
(IMF), we are able to manage this payment and monitor it. Avoid desperate
situations with banks and other authorities in criminal cases.We have
received an irrevocable payment guarantee for your Imf payment. We would
like to inform you that the European Investment Bank has decided to
compensate you with an amount of USD 1,000,000.00 and transfer it to your
bank account via wire transfer.Please contact the correspondent President
of the European Investment Bank, Dr Werner Hoyer , with the email
belowemail: <>
Contact the bank by whatsapp : +228 93344846Be sure to
contact the above bank without delay for the final release and transfer of
your funds. The European Investment Bank must transfer its funds to your
bank account without delay.We assume your urgent cooperation.*

Anti-fraud resources: