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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James smith <>
Date: Sat, 18 Mar 2023 14:39:09 +0000
Subject: Hello dear beneficiary.

We have been authorized by the European ooo Investment Bank in London and
the IMF to investigate the good news season of the unnecessary deferral of
funds which have been approved by law. During our investigation, we
discovered that your payment was delayed by corrupt bank officials who
attempted to redirect your funds to your personal accounts.

In order to prevent this dubious act, we agree with the European Investment
Bank of London and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), we are able to
manage this payment and monitor it. Avoid desperate situations with banks
and other authorities in criminal cases.

We have received an irrevocable payment guarantee for your Imf payment. We
would like to inform you that the European Investment Bank has decided to
compensate you with an amount of USD 1,000,000.00 and transfer it to your
bank account via wire transfer.

Please contact the correspondent President of the European Investment
Bank, Dr Werner Hoyer , with the email below
Contact the bank by whatsapp : +228 93344846
Be sure to contact the above bank without delay for the final release and
transfer of your funds. The European Investment Bank must transfer its
funds to your bank account without delay.

We assume your urgent cooperation.

Anti-fraud resources: