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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Nicholas <>
Date: Fri, 17 Mar 2023 09:47:05 -0600

Attention My Dear friend,

This is Dr.Richard Nicholas i registered your Inheritance Claim`s ATM
CARD of ($12.5MUSD) with BGFI- BANK PLC with registration code
of (96776), please Contact with your delivery information: BGFI- BANK PLC

Name:Mr. Bruno Walter
E-mail: (
Phone Number : +22996839760

I have paid for the Insurance & Delivery fee.The only fee you have to
pay is Security keeping fee only, Please indicate the registration
Number of (22-87457 )and you have to paid Security keeping fee only.
so Contact the BGFI- BANK PLC and ask them how much is the
Security keeping fee you can pay it.

Best Regards.
Dr.Richard Nicholas

Anti-fraud resources: