fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: HONMUHAMEDBUHARI <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2023 18:31:21 -0700
Subject: urgent attention from mr president
DEAR GOOD CITIZEN MY NAME IS MR MUHHAMED BUHARI THE PRESIDENT OF
NIGERIA I AM WRITING THIS IMPORTANT EMAIL DIRECTLY TO YOU ONBEHALF OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN WHO IS MY GOOD FAMILY
FRIEND MEANWHILE AFTER THE MEETING WE
HAD THIS MORNING WITH THE UNITED NATIONS AND WORLD POWER WHICH I
HOSTED BECAUSE OF THE LARGE AMOUNT OF BILLIONS OF DOLLARS WE MADE IN
OIL EXPORTING SINCE I WAS ELETED AS THE PRESIDENT IN MY COUNTRY.
WE ALL HAD AN AGRREMENT TO SELECT 5 GOOD CITIZENS FROM EVERY STATE IN
USA AND ALSO
THE WORLD AND THE WILL BE REWARD WITH $5 MILLION DOLLARS EACH THE
QUALIFICATION OF THE PRICE IS YOUR TAX RATE AND BECAUSING YOU HAVE
BEEN PAYING YOUR TAX TO AMERICAN GOVERNTMENT SO YOUR STATE BROUGHT OUT
YOUR INFORMATIONA AND EMAIL AS ONE OF THE PEOPLE PAYING ALWAYS THAT IS
THE REASON WHY I AM CONTACTING YOU DIRECTLY ON YOUR EMAIL.
I WILL BE HANDING OVER NEXT 5 MONTHS AFTER THE 2023 ELECTION THAT IS WHY I
WANT TO MAKE SURE I DO THE RIGTH THING AS IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE IN
HISTORY OF THE WORLD SO REPLY BACK IMMIDIATLY WITH YOUR FULL DETAILS
AND BANK ACCOUNT INFORMATON AND COPY OF ID CARD ON MY EMAIL ADRRESS OR
PHONE NUMBER BELOW SO THAT I CAN BE ABLE TO SIGN IT IMMIDIATLY AS I AM
IN OFFICE NOW AND SEND IT THE PAYING BANK THAT IS THE C.B.N FOR
IMMIADIATE PAYMENT BELOW IS MY DIRECT PHONE NUMBER FOR CALLING AND
TEXT MESSAGES FOR
MORE INFORMATION I PERMIT YOU TO CALL ME IMMIDIATLY BEFORE I WILL BE
GOING FOR MY MEDICAL CHECKUP THIS WEEK.
phone No(+234 9011991306)