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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Grace Gurley" <>
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2023 12:51:01 +0100
Subject: MoneyGram Payment

Attention please

Your first payment of USD$5000.00 has been sent through MoneyGram,
You are advise to call or email MoneyGram Transfer office with your
full information to enable them give you Sender Name, Question and
Answer to pick up your First $5000,For more information contact Mr.
Frank Scott, Phone: +22957374667 Email: ( )
he'll keep sending your payment until your total fund of $2.5Million
is Completed

Receiver's Name:
Phone Number:

Ms.Grace Gurley

Anti-fraud resources: