fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Osongonye <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2023 09:22:05 +0100
Subject: From the Desk of Mr. Modestus
My Humble Request.
Please, I am very sorry if my request sounds strange to you, I will be
pleased if you can read my mail without deleting it. My name is Mr.
Modestus Osongonye, I am Christen (Catholic), married and God bless us with
a beautiful daughter. I have completed my training on how to trade FOREX
but I donât have the TRADING CAPITAL to start the FOREX TRADING BUSINESS. I
wish to let you know that FOREX trading is a global and legitimate business
done online via the internet, you can google it to find out more, all I am
asking is for your understanding.
Sincerely, I donât know you in person but I believe we can establish a
relationship through this medium, my reason for contacting you is to
request for a partnership or support in my Forex Trading business, I know a
lot of people will not want to partner with me or support me because I am a
Nigerian or due to their bad business experience in the past as a result of
investing money in a fraudulent business (scam). Everyone cannot be a thief
or scammer, Please donât see me as a scammer, I am not a scammer NEITHER do
I want to scam you, I donât have Millions of dollars to send to you or to
anyone, I am only seeking partnership or financial support to start my
Forex Trading business.
I have tried to raise money on my own but to no avail, this is the reason I
am seeking for a joint partnership through this means, and all I need now
is someone to help me with the trading capital, with a little capital I can
start this forex trading business comfortably. All I am asking is your
understanding and kindness not condemnation, if you are willing to provide
me with the trading capital as a joint business; I will manage the business
for one year (12 months) after which you will get your capital back with
profit interest on the capital.
I will give you more details as soon as I hear from you, if you can add me
on your whatsapp I will send you my weekly trading on a demo account for
Thanks for taking your time to read my proposal.
Mr Modestus Osongonye