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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms. Afaaf Abdalla" <>
Date: Mon, 13 Mar 2023 10:31:19 +0100
Subject: Hello

Attention, my dear,

Your first payment of $6000 is about to be sent today through a
Western Union transfer. You are advised to
contact Western Union's office director, Dr. David Patrick, with your
full information. such as

Your full name:........
Home address:.........
Your country...........
To enable him to send your first payment of $6,000 today. For more
information, contact David Patrick via email
( or tel. no. +229 5125-3383. He will keep
sending you payments until your total fund is $2.5 million USD.

Best Regards
Ms. Afaaf Abdalla
Federal Ministry of Finance

Anti-fraud resources: