fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- "uk national lottery" (can only win this lottery if you bought a ticket)
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claim agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447024041779 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Teresa Allan" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 9 Mar 2023 04:39:42 -0800
Subject: You have won $750,000.00
UK National Lottery,
Prize Award Department
Headquarters: 1a, Bexon Court Carlton,
Nottinghamshire Nottingham NG4 1SQ
Customer Service: 580 NCA 85914,
Reference Number: T9564 75604545 818
Batch number: B32/852042/ILP
Winning number: 92-21-21-99-18
Serial number 8542189
This is to officially inform you that the UK National Lottery Company
entered your Email Address on our web Advert for the yearly
anniversary promotions Prize award contest and your email address,
attached to Reference number T9564 75604545 818, Batch Number:
B32/852042/ILP, with Serial number 8542189 drew the lucky Winning
number: 92-21-21-99-18, has been selected as one of the winners in the
2nd category, which subsequently won you a cash prize of ($750,000,00)
Seven Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars in the on-going UK National
Online Email Lottery award promo.You have therefore been approved to
claim a total cash sum of ($750, 000. 00) Seven Hundred and Fifty
Thousand Dollars in cash credited to file KPC/9080118308/14.
All participants were randomly selected world wide through computer
draws system and was electronically played on behalf of every
individuals and companies that have e-mail addresses on the internet
through e-mail computer ballot system. Please note
that your lucky winning number falls within our Euro-booklet
representative office in UK-London as indicated in your play coupon.
In view of this, your fund would be released to you by our Paying
Bank, HSBC Bank London via Telegraphic Wire Transfer.
To file for your claims, please contact our CLAIM AGENT and summit the
under listed information's as soon as possible for due processing and
release of your fund to your nominated bank account.
Claim Agent: Mr. Brian Moore
1. Your name in full:.
2. Residential Address:.
3. Telephone Number:.
7. Bank Details: This should include  Beneficiary name: Bank
name: Bank Address: Account number: Routing number: Swift
Your winning prize will be transferred to your bank account as soon as
we receive your reply with the requested details. For security reasons
and to avoid complications, It is important that you keep your winning
information confidential until you receive your prize. This is part of
our precautionary measure to avoid double claiming and unwarranted
abuse of this programme by some unscrupulous elements, Please be
Congratulations once more from all members and staffs of this program
for being part of our promotional program.
Mrs. Teresa Allan
United Kingdom Zonal Co-ordinator
Sweepstakes International Program.