fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "certified bank draft" (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms. Elizabeth Holly." <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 6 Mar 2023 12:12:28 -0800
Subject: GOOD NEWS
I believe you have not forgotten me, although it was indeed a very
long time we communicate last. Well, this is to thank you for your
past effort to assist me in moving out my late Father's funds out the
country at that time, I understand your thought that time, that I
wasnât for real and you said that I am a scam but I swore to you and
told you that am not a scam and you understood me and did your best to
assist me but could not conclude the transaction with me. I thank God
for his grace and favor upon my life because there was a man called
Hagen Bengt from Denmark who finally helped me to move the money to
his account so our government did not seize my father`s money any
more. I thank God very much for all He has done.
I am so glad to write you this email today, God is really wonderful
and so kind to me, God has made a way where seems to be no way for me,
I did not believe that I will move out from Benin Republic by now, but
God has made it possible for me. So I am happy to inform you about my
success in getting my late father`s funds transferred under my new
partner from Copenhagen, Denmark. I am currently in Denmark to
continue my studies again after the death of my father. Meanwhile, I
did not forget all your past efforts and attempts to assist me that
time in transferring those funds despite that it failed us somehow due
to one reason or the other. But because i made a promise to God that i
must surely compensate you as the first person whom i contacted for
the transaction at that time, although you did not conclude the
transaction with me but i can not forget you because you contributed
to my success, especially your good advice and encouragement which
you gave to me at that time.
Now i want you contact our parish priest: Reverend Fr. Jerry Udoh who
used to be a good father to me when I was in UN refugee Camp in Benin
Republic of Due Benin, his
e-mail address is as follows ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) Or here is
his business Whats-app Telephone number is (+234-808-527-4577).
I told him to send you a Certified Bank Draft of (US$10.8Million),
which I prepared for you and kept for your compensation for all your
efforts and attempt to assist me then, knowing full well that i would
have not succeeded if not your good advice and encouragement to me.
Please accept this little token as it is from my heart, So feel free
to contact Rev. Father at: (email@example.com ) and instruct
him where to send you the money.
Note: Below is the required information you will send to Rev. Father
Jerry Udoh: (1) Your full names: (2) Your house address: (3) Your
Whats-app telephone number:
Please do let me know immediately you receive it so we can share our
joy together after all the sufferings at that time. At this point, Iâm
very busy here because of my studies and some project that we have at
hand. Finally, remember that I have forwarded instruction to the Rev.
Father on your behalf to receive that money but you have to reconfirm
it again to avoid any mistake. So do not hesitate to contact him and
he will send the amount to you without any delay.
And please do not forget to inform me as soon as you received the
Take care and God bless you more. Good bye for now my friend.
Ms. Elizabeth Holly.
Contact Him From This Email( firstname.lastname@example.org )