fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- bank text or call phone number+1 (260)868-7797 firstname.lastname@example.org chief executive officer mr paul nelson 2. banking details: (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms.Mary Johnson " <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 5 Mar 2023 09:02:43 -0500
Subject: WELCOME TO ROYAL TRUST BANK
Your payment files from three and Bank of America was compiled and
submitted to my desk this morning for review. The total sum owed to
you by the banks mentioned above was sum up to the tune of
US$15,500,000.00 (Fifteen Million Five Hundred Thousand United States
Now the fund has been totally lodged in one particular Escrow account
(non deductible) here in the Royal Trust Bank on your name, while
waiting for accreditation to your personal bank account in any part of
Meanwhile, after due scrutiny and verification, I confirmed that you
have fulfilled all the necessary obligations that will enable the
release of your payment to you, but yet your payment was not released
to you due to one flimsy excuses or the other from the Bank officials
in charge of your payment, because they had the intention of diverting
your funds to their private accounts in order to satisfy their selfish
You are however lucky that we the management of the Royal Trust Bank
detected their evil plans and therefore call for the submission of
your payment file to us so we can personally handle the payment
assignment to ensure that you receive your funds accordingly.
Now, all modalities regarding your fund release has been put in place
here in the Royal Trust Bank of America, thus, your funds has been
made ready for transfer in our sophisticated macro transfer system,
what we need from you now is to provide to us the bank account of your
choice which you want us to transfer your funds so we can expedite
action for the accreditation of your funds into your account
Below are the information needed for now for your transfer.
1. Personal Details:
Direct Mobile Number:
or whatsapp number
Date of birth
Login ATM Card
Passport Copy, ID card or DL:
Contact the CEO OF THE Royal Trust Bank text or call
phone number+1 (260)868-7797
Chief Executive Officer
Mr Paul Nelson
2. Banking Details:
Note: We are going to open Online account here in our Royal Trust Bank
and you will can transfer the money into your personal account.
In anticipating for your urgent cooperation
Royal Trust Bank Assistant
Ms. Mary Johnson