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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paul Abbate" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 22:50:27 -0800
Subject: New Favorable Development Regarding Your Payment

Dear Beneficiary,

This is to notify you that, after a meeting with the delegates of the payment committee here in the United States, it has been officially approved that your payment sum of US$5,610,000 be remitted to you through bank transfer.

You will have an account set up in your favor at the bank, which you will access through the bank's online platform. You will then be able to transfer funds from your bank account to any of your designated bank accounts.

Kindly get back to me so that this favorable development can be processed in your favor.

Best regards,
Paul M. Abbate

Anti-fraud resources: