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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ahmed Idris" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 21:33:10 -0800
Subject: URGENT..


My name is Mr. Ahmed Idris, and I am the central bank of Nigeria Accountant General of The Federation. My intention of communication
with you is to seek your cooperation to transfer the sum of ($1.0200,000,000) one billion two hundred million United states dollars to your bank account and you are entitled to 25% of the total sum. You are going to receive the fund as a contract payment executed in Nigeria.

I need your cooperation and I anticipate your positive response.
Contact me on my private email address (

Mr. Ahmed Idris,
The central bank of Nigeria,
Accountant General of The Federation.

Anti-fraud resources: