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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Boehly" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 4 Mar 2023 09:17:57 +0700

This is to bring to your notice that you've been dealing with scammers over the years with regards to your long standing fund payment. You are advised to quit further communications with anyone claiming to have your fund because they'll keep demanding one fee after another.
You were supposed to receive your ATM card package 2 days ago but the delivery was halted due to demand for clearance documents by security agencies. The delivery agent of Top Chrono Courier will complete the delivery once he gets the needed clearance and you are to contact and assist him immediately without any delay.

Make sure you contact him with the following details for security reasons;

Your full names
Telephone number

Contact email is

We would like to remind you that the delivery agent doesn't have much time to stay on this and so you have to contact him as soon as possible.

Michael Boehly

Anti-fraud resources: