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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Cindy Fenol" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 15:53:05 -0800
Subject: confidential business proposal


I'm Cindy Fenol. The only Daughter of Late John Fenol.
I am 28 years old girl, an orphan. I lost my Dad when I was 25, and my mother left me when i was 5 and ran away with another man, I Lives all my life with my father , The greatest surprise is that He left approximately (USD6,500,000,000) Six Billion Five Hundred Million Dollars in a Global Financial LTD IN TURKEY.

I would like to invest the fund in your country with your consent, cooperation, support, advice and help.Secondly, if you fully agree to work with me to this end, please kindly express your interest by replying to me so that I can provide you with the necessary information and details on how to proceed.
I am willing to offer you 25% of the total amount of money on the final release to your custody or to your bank account.

Awaiting your urgent reply.

My best regards to you and your whole family.
i need your guidance

I have also attached my ID for record purposes.

Many Thanks,

Cindy Fenol

Anti-fraud resources: