fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Jerome H. Powell" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 15:33:01 -0800
Subject: Attn Fund Beneficiary,
Federal Reserve Bank, United States
Attention Fund Beneficiary,
Greetings from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. I have a vital
information which needs to be attended immediately. Did you authorized
anyone to pick up your inheritance fund from our branch in New York?
One Mr. Andrew Johnson came to our office yesterday in-respect of your
funds $10,000,000.00 USD which has been credited with us for the past
2 months now by the Federal Government to be transferred into your
account. He said that you authorized him to pick up the funds.
This fund has been in our custody for the past two months now and we
have been waiting for you to contact us but we didn't know what is
hindering you from reaching us since. So we decided to write to you to
make sure that you are fine and aware of the inheritance fund of
$10,000,000.00 USD in our branch office in New York.
We want you to get back to us with the following details:
1) Full Names..............
2) Residential Address.............
5) Mobile Number...........
7) Date of Birth..............
This above listed details are needed as fast as possible if you didn't
authorize anyone to pick up your funds from our branch in New York.
We have 3 means which you can use to receive your funds and you are to
choose the suitable option for you. Here are the options:
(1) Bank to Bank wire transfer: It will take only 24 hours for you to
receive your funds into your preferred account.
(2) ATM Master Card delivery: It will take 48 hours for you to receive
your Master card with the $10,000,000.00 USD inside the ATM Master
card. The maximum amount you can withdraw daily is $20,000.
(3) Consignment box delivery: Your fund will be sealed in a box
without anyone knowing what is inside it and it will be delivered to
your house in cash. It will take 3 working days to be delivered to
The above mentioned options are the medium which you can use to
receive your fund safely. Endeavor to get back to us as fast as you
can with your details and suitable option if you didn't authorize
anyone to pick up your fund in our branch. Your urgent attention are
needed to enable us proceed with the transaction as your fund is ready
to be transferred.
Mr. Jerome H. Powell
Federal Reserve Bank President
Contact Email : firstname.lastname@example.org