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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms.Mariam Reema Mohammed " <>
Date: Wed, 01 Mar 2023 18:39:26 -0800
Subject: As-salamu Alaykum

As-salamu Alaykum

How are you? Hope you are keeping safe.

My name is Ms.Mariam Reema Mohammed from the Kingdom of Kuwait. Am reaching you through your email because I might not be able to reach out to you on your cell number.

I am interested in investing in lucrative business in your country through your personal business services ,products or ideas, I will like to keep this brief until I hear from you, the total amount is $267.872M, if you are interested, kindly revert back to me on

Yours faithfully,

Have a nice day.
Ms.Mariam Reema Mohammed

Anti-fraud resources: