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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Williams" <>
Date: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 22:13:45 +0000
Subject: Genuine businss and personal loans, apply

Do you need financing?

Do you need a loan for business or personal needs?

We give loans at 3% interest rate for personal, business and investment Funding.

We offer all types of loans to individuals or companies regardless of your present credit score. For further information, please do not hesitate to contact us today if you are seriously interested in our offer.

Sincere regards,

Michale Williams

Anti-fraud resources: