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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Morgan Paul" <>
Date: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 21:27:19 +0000
Subject: CONGRATULATIONS!!From International Monetary Fund [IMF].

Attention: Beneficiary,

I'm Mr Morgan Paul from standard Chartered Bank

Your funds worth $2.5 million US dollars has been approved by the United States international monetary fund (IMF) to be transferred to you once we receive your response in within 72hrs of this message to your which is 3 working days After 72 hours and no response from you , your funds will be transferred to the united states treasury account due to lack of cooperation from the direct beneficiary.

this funds is from the united states cyber crime security compensation fund which is given to all the listed scammed victims in the US and europe... If this text is a mistake and you had never being scammed or anything Involved in cyber fraudulent activities, pls indicate immediately so we can further cancel your transaction with an immediate effect.

Mr Morgan Paul.

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Anti-fraud resources: