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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alex Mensah <>
Date: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 12:47:00 -0800
Subject: Very Important Massage" Please Reply Back


My Name is Alex Mensah, a well to do Member of a major political party
in Ghana. I would like to seek your permission to present to you my
financial Proposal that might interest you.

My purpose of connecting you as a credible Individual with wealth of
experience in the areas of Entrepreneur, Fund Management and Investments
is to partner with me in securing some funds abroad for business
investment and safe keeping which I incidentally kept helping finance me
senatorial elections campaign under the party umbrella of National
Democratic Party (NDC). Unfortunately for me I lost the senatorial seat
during my party conducted election primary to my opposition member under
the same party umbrellas.

But with my immediate contact, I was able to deposit some kickback money
US$25 million emanated from award of contracts awarded too Chinese and
Malaysia companies in a security vault with a commercial bank in Ghana
pending when I will find a trustworthy person to move out the fund from
Ghana to oversee bank account for business investment.

The need to contact you arose from the fact that the present elected
government have now decided to crack down on past immediate government
functionaries and trying to trace all the funds that was made through
contract awards and other mouthwatering deals during our tenure in the
office, if they succeed in tracing this fund to me, they will seize it
and thereby incapacitating my lifetime opportunities.

Nevertheless, if you accept to partner with me on this transaction, you
will retain 20% of the US$25 million while Net Profits from any
investment established will be shared 50/50. I will provide evidence of
availability of the US$25 million such as Bank Statement, Certificate of
Fund Ownership and Proof of Fund Letter for your record. This
transaction requires collective responsibilities whereby each party have
a role to play in order to make our dream come to reality. If this offer
interests you, please respond for full details.

Mr. Alex Mensah

Anti-fraud resources: