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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 19:05:44 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: spende


Ich bin Maria Elisabeth Schaeffler, eine deutsche Geschäftsfrau, Investorin und CEO der Schaeffler Gruppe. Ich bin einer der Eigentümer der Schaeffler Gruppe. Ich habe 25 Prozent meines persönlichen Vermögens für wohltätige Zwecke verschenkt. Und ich habe auch zugesagt, die restlichen 25 % in diesem Jahr 2023 an Individual zu verschenken. Ich habe mich entschlossen, Ihnen 2.000.000,00 Euro zu spenden. Wenn Sie an meiner Spende interessiert sind, kontaktieren Sie mich für weitere Informationen info.

Mit freundlichen Grüße,
Frau Maria-Elisabeth Schaeffler,
Geschäftsführer der Schaeffler Gruppe

Anti-fraud resources: