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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 21:15:07 +0530 (IST)

Good day,

I hope this email finds you well. I am reaching out because I am interested in making a donation to random individuals who may be in need of financial assistance. I believe that even a small amount of money can make a big difference in someone's life, and I would like to help in any way I can.

I am writing to make a donation of $4.500,000 to you. The donation will be transferred to your bank account using Bank to Bank transfers or cash at hand on 03/03/2023. Please find below the necessary details to complete the transaction:

Recipient Information:

Bank Name:
Account Number:
Routing Number:

If you are within Europe and decide to pick up the money cash please note. The cash pick up will be carried out here in Amsterdam Netherlands

Thank you for your time and consideration. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact me.

I would be grateful if you could share information with me. I am particularly interested in supporting those who are struggling to make ends meet, have experienced unexpected expenses, or are facing medical bills.I am eager to make a positive impact on people's life and appreciate any help you can provide.

Thank you for your time and consideration.


Manuel Franco

The information contained in this mail message and/or attachments to it may contain confidential or privileged information of the Department. This message is intended only for you. If you are not the intended recipient, you are notified that disclosing, copying, distributing or taking any action in reliance on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited by the Department. If you have erroneously received this message, please immediately delete it, notify the sender and inform the Call Centre. This e-mail reply is only intended to provide clarity/explanation to the request mail. It cannot be used for any legal purposes. This e-mail is of confidential nature and intended solely for the use of the individual/entity to whom they are addressed and not binding any agreement on behalf of the department.

Anti-fraud resources: