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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Moussavou<>
Date: 3 Mar 2023 10:37:54 -0800
Subject: Attention

Dear sir/Madam,
I have sent you  this email  from Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo.

I am writing to inquire if your company can supply food (rice)
to a war region.
We do not have cash money for payment, but we have raw gold for. exchange.

We shall convey our gold to you first before your supply.

Please note that your help can save lives over here.

David Moussavou

Food coordinator, Congolese Revolutionary Army Goma.

Anti-fraud resources: