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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Bruce <>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 10:06:06 -0800
Subject: Attention Beneficiary,

Attention Beneficiary,

We have deposited the Check of your fund ($1.500,000 USD) through
Western Union Office department after our finally meeting regarding
your fund, All you will do is to contact Western Union Office Director
Barrister Mr Aya Ben Williams via to release reference number to you
can pick up $10.000.00 dollar He will give you direction on how you
will be receiving the funds daily.

So Now contact him immediately on his information bellow
Contact Person:Mr Aya Ben Williams
Email;; (

Your name..................
Phone no......................

Then to enable him transfer your Funds and give you the Reference No#,
sender name and question/answer to pick the $15,000.00 also to
continue sending rest of your payment till your total payment of
$1.5Million Dollars is complete.

Thanks for your Prompt Response.
Thanks, And Best Regards.
Mr John Bruce

Anti-fraud resources: