fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: =?UTF-8?Q?David_Ryan=C2=A0Sequeira=2E?= <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 3 Mar 2023 08:53:21 -0800
Subject: Accountant Director Security Film.
Attn: Sir Madam.
I am Mr David RyanÂ Sequeira. I am a personal Accountant Director
Security Film with Foreign Trade bank of Cambodia (FTB). It is with
good spirit i opened up this great Opportunity to you A deceased
client of mine that share almost the same names with yours died as a
result of heart-related condition on march 2020. His heart condition
was duo to the death of the members of his family in the tsunami
disaster on the 26th December 2006 in Sumatra Indonesia Where they all
lost their lives.
There is a draft account opened in my bank in 1999 by a long-time
client our bank a national of your country.He was a CEO /textile
Company Owner, Business man,a Miner at Kruger Mining Company here in
Cambodia he was a Geologist and Consultant to Several others Mining
Conglomerates operating in Cambodia, China Taiwan, Japan,Indonesia
Pakistan, Vietnam all in Asia before he pass away on the 12th March
2020 leaving nobody as the next of kin of his account after his death.
The amount in this account currently ($90 Ninety Million United State
Dollars.) I want to present you as a beneficiary, I will use my
position and influence in our bank to make them release this money to
your account for us to share it, i will assure you that No one will
know about it and the Lawyer will endures all the required documents
in your name as the real owner of this fund.
David RyanÂ Sequeira.(CFA.)
Director Foreign Trade Bank Kingdom of Cambodia.
Address:No.1,Street 96,Sangkat Wat Phenom, Penh Cambodia.