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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paulus Godfrey" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 2 Mar 2023 09:52:31 +0200

We are offering Loan/Investment funds to Companies and Individuals with profitable projects in any area of specialization at 3% interest rate APR for a duration of 2 to 20 years with a year grace period.

Our Loan offer is between USD$10M to USD$10B loan for business owners. Our lenders or investors are well vetted according to European Union financial institutions. Let us know if you are interested.

You can contact our loan provider immediately with the following email address:

CONTACT PERSON: Williams Gilvary

Facilitator ReplyEmail-To:

Yours Faithfully,
Mr. Paulus Godfrey

Anti-fraud resources: