fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: microsoft office Award <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 14 Feb 2023 01:22:54 +0000
Dear Email Owner,
We are writing in respect to your unclaimed winning prize money of
$1,500,000.00 One Million five hundred Thousand US Dollars only in the
2021/2022 MOlottery email ballot draws as a category prize winner
which has been authorized to pay you without any more delays by the
Authority after verification and it is clear that you are the real
winner of the funds CONGRATULATIONS.
You can confirm your prize by yourself here in this site:
Your Winning LUCKY NUMBER: 4-9-13-14-15-41.
Draw Date: Wednesday, Aug 31, 2022
Your Winning Amount $1.5 Million
All participants were selected through a computer ballot system drawn
from emails users from over 20,000 company, and 3,000,000 individual
email addresses and names from all over the world.
You have directed our Foreign Payment Remittance Unit, International
ATM VISA CARD with UBA VISA CARD OFFICE in Togo republic, to issue you
a Credit Card. VISA debit, where ($1.5 Million) USD will be debited
from your fund, to continue withdrawing your fund.
This is to inform you that your total funds of $1.5 Million dollars
have been scheduled for payment to you through ATM VISA CARD And today
we notify you that your fund has been credited to the VISA Card by UBA
Bank and is also ready to be delivered, now contact the secretary of
UBA Bank his name
is Dr. KENNEDY UZOKA Managing Director of United Bank for Africa
Bank website: http://www.ubagroup.com
VISA ATM UBA CARD DEPARTMENT (Group UBA (@UBAGroup)
To claim your prize through ATM CARD delivery to you without any delay
Contact Mrs Alina of UBA VISA CARD OFFICE, E-mail:
(email@example.com) OR Contact WhatsApp
Number:+22890250074/ Therefore you should send the required
information to Mrs. Theresa Henshaw as soon as possible to avoid
Send the following information for the delivery of your credited ATM VISA
Card to your address:
Your full name ================?
Your country of origin ==========?
Your city ======================?
Your home address ============?
Your gender =====================?
Your age ======================?
Your occupation ===============?
Your phone number ============?
Zip code of your country =========?
Be informed that we have concluded all necessary arrangements
regarding Your payment and your ATM VISA CARD are ready to be sent to
you as soon as you contact UBA BANK with information below.
Contact Person: Mrs. Theresa Henshaw.
Contact email: (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Draw Manager of the MO-Lottery promotion
Congratulations!! Once again,