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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. X" <>
Date: Wed, 04 Jan 2023 15:58:48 -0800
Subject: From Miss Dakota

I am sending you this email in respect of a client who wants to invest in your country. I am Ms. Onuams Salue, (C.E.O.) Onuams Consulting Inc. London.

My company represents investors who want to invest their funds in a profitable Investment due to the fact that their business environment are not stable, they decided to invest their funds more in developed countries with stable economies to enable them have good returns.

I currently have a wealthy client who wanted to invest US$135,000,000 USD (One Hundered and Thirty-Five Million United States Dollars) in any lucrative business in your country.

I am sending you this proposal if you would have interest in inject this US$135,000,000 USD in your company or probably you have a new profitable business plan so we can work together to achieve profitable goals.

Kindly get back to me regarding this proposal.

Ms. Onuams Salue
(C.E.O.) Onums Consulting Inc
+44 70 74071186

Anti-fraud resources: