fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Dan Miller" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 20 Dec 2022 18:24:15 +0100
Subject: Re: RELIEF / COMPENSATION FUND OF $1,500,000.00 USD
I am Dan Miller, the Director of Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. I wish to inform you that the United Nations Organization
Department for Disaster Management, in conjunction with International
Monetary Funds (IMF), are giving out humanitarian relief funds worth
the sum of $1,500, 000.00 USD, and your e-mail address were selected
among other's to receive this humanitarian funds.
The United Nations humanitarian relief funds is a UN inter-agency
funds mechanism established by the UN Secretary-General to help
support low- and middle-income people(s) to respond to the pandemic
and its impacts, including an unprecedented socio-economic shock. The
Fundâs assistance targets those most vulnerable to economic hardship
and social disruption around the world.
We are delighted to inform you that due to mixed up of names and
numbers, your email attached to approved number UN6MM020/HMRF-22,
which consequently fall on our Chapter, therefore, you are advised to
contact the United Nations humanitarian relief funds Coordinator ( Mr.
Robert TAIWO ), to claim your $1,500, 000.00 USD.
Name: Mr. Robert TAIWO
Email Address: ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Telephone & WhatsApp: ( +229 ) 528 41163
The information's required to process the transfer of your United
Nations humanitarian relief funds should include the following:
1. Full Name :
2. Address :
3. Nationality :
4. Direct Telephone #:
NOTE: that the amount to be paid to you is ( $1,500, 000.00 USD ), we
are expecting your urgent response to this email to enable us monitor
the transaction effectively.
Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.