fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transfer of your funds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "offshore account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "sani abacha" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Foreign Recoveries <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 19 Dec 2022 09:21:48 +0100
Subject: This info is where you get paid
African Development Bank
We are using this medium to contact you. This intervention is as result of
numerous applications and attempts by some groups of people
here and in other parts of the world to abuse the integrity and reputation
of the Banks. However, in order to protect its image, I
have been mandated to inform you that we are in receipt of the mandate to
take over payment of all debts originating from the African
Continent provided beneficiaries have proven such debts owed hence this
mail to you for your fund's release/ delivery.
Furthermore, be informed that any commercial bank in the Country including
other offshore financial institutions which claim to have
the mandate of any Apex Bank or the African Development Bank to deliver or
transfer funds to the beneficiaries is not authorized to do
so without clearance from my office. If you are still dealing with this
group of people, stop further communication and revert to African
Development Bank for your own interest also to help us in eliminating the
activities of fraudsters while assure you of prompt payment of
your ten million five hundred thousand dollars ($10.5m ).
To accomplish the above, we have started updating files/applications for
the release of funds through off-shore bank in the United States,
America. My office is working on the instruction from the Presidents of
Africa Federated Union of commercial-banks, and National Committee
for Amalgamated African Central Banks through my office to pay all
beneficiaries their debts within 5 working days of receipt of the
required information as we have time scheduled to complete the payment
We however, sympathized with you for the delay to locate the proper
institution entrusted with the mandate of carrying out your overdue
payments. To serve you well and promptly, you should go through this mail
carefully and give accurate information as required below.
To immediately process your payment and transfer same, you current address,
email id and telephone numbers including your cell phone.
Finally, upon confirmation of your readiness to receive your funds, we
shall immediately start processing necessary documents towards the
safety transfer of your funds to you from our US offshore account without
having to make advance payment before you receive your
payment. The sure ways to know scammers are when advance fees are demanded
before you receive your due payments.
Awaiting your prompt response at the listed emails id:- Reel_12@msn.com and
Vice President for Sector Operations
African Development Bank Group
Address: Off Sani Abacha Way,
Federal Capital Territory