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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Andrew hedger" <>
Reply-To: "Dr. Andrew hedger" <>
Date: Sun, 18 Dec 2022 19:06:41 -0800
Subject: -utmost INQUIRY-

I' am Mr. Andrew Hedger I represent a good Investor as a financial consultant. We need a good and viable good Business Plan from a capable company all over the world.
My Principal Investor can invest on your behalf from 1Million USD to 500Million USD in a viable Project.
I feel great to contact you and if you welcomemes our business proposal both parties will meet face to face and have a round-table meeting together and after that the investor will visit you to see your project site in your country before putting down his fund After that a good documentation will be carried out between your company and the Investor.
If you are interested, get back to me as soon as possible.
Dr. Andrew hedger

Anti-fraud resources: