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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Thomas Andrew" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 1 Jan 2018 15:09:21 +0100
Subject: Re: Payment claim.


HSBC has agreed to stump up £4m to pay back customers subjected to "unreasonable" debt collection practices following a regulatory probe. I work with HSBC bank and I need your total co-operation to front for the immediate claim of this funds. You can view the below website:

Upon the receipt of the funds in your account you will be entitled to 50% of the total sum and 50% for me. If your are interested send your full names, telephone number, address and your bank details to immediately do all the necessary paper work and Process of this claim and you would be paid within 12 working days.

Best regards,

Thomas Andrew

Anti-fraud resources: