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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR.Richard W.Smith" <>
Date: Sun, 18 Dec 2022 12:38:55 -0800
Subject: Attention:


I am MR.Richard W.Smith a special diplomatic Agent) I just arrived in your
city with your Consignment Box package worth of
($5.5Million) your Box code is 8005** remember do not share this code
with anyone else and please Contact now with your delivery information
as,Your Name,Your Address,Your Telephone Number, for me to confirm with
the information my boss gave to me to avoid mistake in delivering your
package TEXT or email (

Your Full Name___
Home Address__
Nearest Airport___
Copy of ID____
Your phone Number___
Your Age___

God bless you

Best Regards,
MR.Richard W.Smith
Special diplomatic agent

Anti-fraud resources: