fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Olusegun Afolabi <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 18 Dec 2022 12:15:11 -0800
I AM BARRISTER OLUSEGUN AFOLABI THE PERSONAL ATTORNEY TO THE LATE MR.WANG
YU A CHINESE NATIONAL, MR. WANG YU WAS A CONTRACTOR WITH
OIL COMPANY HERE IN NIGERIA; I WISH TO KNOW IF WE CAN WORK TOGETHER. I
WOULD LIKE YOU TO STAND AS THE NEXT OF KIN TO MY
DECEASED CLIENT WHO MADE SOME DEPOSITS AMOUNTING $27.5 MILLION USD IN A
BANK HERE IN NIGERIA,LATE MR.WANG YU, WHO DIED ON JUNE 3 ABOARD
DANA AIRLINES FLIGHT 992,HE DIED WITHOUT ANY REGISTERED NEXT OF KIN AND AS
SUCH, THE FUNDS NOW HAVE AN OPEN BENEFICIARY MANDATE.
I HAVE CONTACTED YOU SO THAT I CAN PRESENT YOU AS A FAMILY MEMBER TO
MR.WANG YU SINCE I COULD NOT LOCATE ONE YET. THE PURPOSE FOR
THAT IS TO ENABLE US WORK TOGETHER TO CLAIM THE FUND DEPOSITED BY MY
DECEASED CLIENT WITH A BANK HERE, WHICH IS THE RISK OF BEING
DECLARED UNCLAIMED SOONER THAN LATER IN CUSTODY OF A BANK.THE FUND IN
QUESTION IS $27.5 MILLION USD. WHILE THE DEPOSIT REFERENCE
IF THIS PROPOSAL IS OKAY BY YOU, DO GET BACK TO ME ASAP TO ENABLE ME
DISCLOSE FURTHER DETAILS CONCERNING THE TRANSACTION AS WELL AS
DISCUSS THE MODALITIES FOR ITS EXECUTION. LET I NOT FORGET, I WILL BE
OFFERING YOU 40% OF THE TOTAL FUND FOR YOUR ASSISTANCE IN THIS
VENTURE. Please Reply this mail to this Email Address:
I AM LOOKING FORWARD TO HEAR FROM YOU,
BARRISTER OLUSEGUN AFOLABI