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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Dave Paster" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2022 19:02:46 +0100
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary,

Attention: Beneficiary,
                                         To Whom It May Concern:
I am writing to inform you sequel to the notification received from G8 Leaders and Authorization from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to release your fund inheritance accredited to you. Meanwhile, a woman came to our office saying that she is your personal attorney by name Doris Jordan From Philadelphia, United State.
You are required to notify this office if truly that Doris Jordan is your personal attorney, as we did give her the scan copy of your draft payment waiting for verification from your bank. If this said lady is your attorney, we shall be sending your draft to her by courier, but if she is not your representative, let's terminate every arrangement in place of delivering your draft to her address in Philadelphia.
I await your immediate response.
Mr. Dave Paster
Chairman/Chief Executive Officer
Standard Heritage Trust Bank
The information contained in this e-mail message is intended only for the personal and confidential use of the recipient(s) named above. If the reader of this message is not the intended recipient or an agent responsible for delivering it to the intended recipient, you are hereby  notified that you have received this message and any attachments in error and that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or alteration of this message and/or its attachments is strictly prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately by electronic mail, and delete the original message.

Anti-fraud resources: