fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "federal republic of benin" (Benin, Cameroon, etc. are no Federal Republics, unlike Nigeria where this type of scam was invented)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.Walter Bangura" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 28 Nov 2022 16:52:26 +0100
Subject: I NEED YOUR CORPORATION ON THIS
Dear Sir / Madam,
I am Dr.Walter Bangura, Senior Accountant & the Auditor General Manager of
BANK OF AFRICA, of the Federal Republic of Benin. I work with BANK OF
AFRICA in Cotonou Benin Rep. It is my wish to solicit your assistance in a
business opportunity that will be beneficial for you and I.
During our investigation and Auditing in my Bank, in my department I came
across an abandoned sum of money ( Two Million One Hundred Thousand Euros
only ) In an account that belongs to one of our foreign customer late
MRS.Clear .A Krause, a citizen of Germany who died along with her entire
I wish to know if we can work together. I would like you to stand as her
Next of Kin to a Fixed Deposit of â¬2.1 Million Euros only, which she made
to our Bank. She died and left nobody behind as her Next of Kin.
The Funds can be transferred to you either through Bank to Bank wire
transfer into any account of your choice or by ATM CARD. The reason why I
contacted you is that after 3 months from now the Bank Directors will
divert and share these Funds within themselves.
Here is the Website of the incident; http://news.bbc.co.
Please get back to me through either by phone or email if you are
interested to know much about this transaction.
my Private Tel: +229 91 02 76 93 & Whatsapp