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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: carlos zuleta <>
Date: Sun, 27 Nov 2022 12:54:25 +0100
Subject: Hello


My name is Mr Kim Jong Hyun, I am the Head Operation Manager, Investors
Direct Capital Funds with our Reputable Bank here in Europe, I wish to
state that I am impressed with your brief profile details on the internet
network and I feel that it will be a good idea to share this business
cooperation with you.

I have a great investment Deal that will certainly interest you. I am
hoping this business cooperation, which I present to you, will be of
mutual benefit to you and we can go ahead with the more details upon my
receipt of your email response via my private Email:

Looking forward to your email reply soon.

Best Regards

Mr Kim Jong Hyun
Head Operation Manager
Investors Direct Capital Funds
Phone Contact: Tel: +32 460 247 820

Anti-fraud resources: