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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John Wilson <>
Date: Mon, 7 Nov 2022 06:37:05 +0000
Subject: Business Proposal


my names are Mr. John Wilson from East London South Africa, I am writing to inform you that I am looking for a reliable business or company owner whom i can trust and partner with in good and lucrative business venture, investment.

We have a family fund which was deposited with a trusted bank by my late Mother who was a Gold Miner and well successful woman before her sudden death from COVID-19 two years ago.

I don’t want to invest this fund here in my country due to Bad Economy of the country, Therefore I need a good and well trusted partner whom i can trust and partner in his or her business or company.

If you are interested that i can invest in your business, investment or projects do contact me for more details on how to go about it.

Kindly contact me if you are interested.

Yours Faithfully
Mr. John Wilson

Telephone Number:+277-1803-6648

Anti-fraud resources: