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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Pam Pius <>
Date: Thu, 3 Nov 2022 14:17:21 -0700
Subject: Good Day,

Good Day, I have deposited the check to the ATM OFFICE. All you have
to do is to contact them at: ( ) they will give
you direction on how you will be receiving your atm card daily.My
agreement with them is 10.000USD daily until the whole of $17.9USD is
withdraw end. You are going to pay for stamp duty fee The only fee you
will send to them before the delivery is activation fee this is there
phone number;+2348084404457,Dr patrick igwe,

Anti-fraud resources: