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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Power Ball Lottery <>
Date: Sun, 30 Oct 2022 11:41:33 +0100
Subject: Your Winning ID Ref No: POW/UN/WIN22


*United Nations *
Power Ball Lottery

We are delighted to inform you that your email ID was selected on our this
year 2022 raffle draw result, your email ID was among other 59 email ID
selected through the computer ballot system, which WON the second cash
prize of $980,000,00 US Dollars on the ballot draw result. Your winning ID
Ref No: POW/UN/WIN22

For Claims, Contact our claims office via email:
Do not forget to quote your winning ID Ref No: POW/UN/WIN22 and Your Full
For more inquiry visit our Website:

Once again, congratulations!

Yours faithfully,
Albert Williams
Promo Notification Officer,
Lottery Coordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: