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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Steven Walker(Advocate)" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 26 Oct 2022 12:47:14 -0600
Subject: my message...

my Proposal..
Good day
How are you doing today?
I am Advocate Steven Walker,requesting you to contact me  over an unclaimed inheritance financial benefit that is connected to your last name.I will make the details available on your acknowledgment of this email. Please revert back at your earliest convenience for complete details.
Kind Regards
Steven Walker

Anti-fraud resources: