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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ibrahim arham <>
Date: Sun, 30 Oct 2022 07:45:48 +0100
Subject: hello

Dear Friend,

My name is Mr. ibrahim arham. If the content of this message is contrary
to your moral ethics, please accept my apology. But, please treat with
absolute secrecy. I am working with one of the prime banks in Burkina
Faso. Here in this bank existed a dormant account for many years, which
belong to one of our late foreign customer. The amount in this account
stands at 13,300,000.00 (Thirteen Million Three Hundred Thousand US

I was very fortunate to come across the deceased customer's security
file during documentation of old and abandoned customer’s files for an
official documentation and audit of the year 2021.

I want a foreign account where the bank will transfer this fund. I know
you would be surprised to read this message, especially from someone
relatively unknown to you. But, do not worry yourself so much. This is a
genuine, risk free and legal business transaction. All details shall be
sent to you once I hear from you.

If you are really sure of your sincerity, trustworthiness,
accountability and confidentiality over this transaction, reply back to
me urgently.
Best regards,

Mr. ibrahim arham
cantact me on (

Anti-fraud resources: